Yakutia within the Russian cooperation with Germany

Education and science of Yakutian agriculture are connected in a joint project with Germany. Colleagues of Yakut scientific-research institute of agriculture and Yakut SAA were invited to University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, where they signed Memorandum of understanding in the field of education and development of joint scientific projects. Yakut SAA was presented by Konstantin Revolievich Nifontov, vice-dean on scientific work, assistant professor, candidate of veterinary sciences.

The oldest university of Stuttgart is located in metropolitan district Plieningen, in general building of Hohenheim Palace in the region of Hohenheim. The university is specialized on agrarian, scientific and economic disciplines. It has academic library and extensive ties in all over the world.

Delegation had visited agricultural experimental farm “Lindenhof” of University of Hohenheim.  This farm has cattle, pigs and birds that are used for educational, scientific and industrial activities of the University. Also, this farm has biogas unit, which gives electricity, and part of it is sold to the state (as subsidy). Later in the day delegation visited educational stud farm “Marbach”. The history of this stud farm has started over 500 years ago. The stud farm manages horse breeding of local breeds, training instructors, grooms, veterinarians, provides service on equine tourism, and artificial insemination. Our countrymen were guides and interpreters – Katerina Potapova, manager of University of Hohenheim and graduate of YSAA – Anna Shadrina.

From the very first days of the visit, Korin Huber, vice-president on educational work and professor, worked with the delegation. During the operational period of visit, parties exchanged of presentations and expressed their purposes – establishment of cooperation in the field of education of science. There also was a group work that consisted of professors – Neustroev M.P., Tarabukina N.P. They visited the Institute of animal breeding and hygiene, which is lead by a professor L. Heltzle, and looked at the work of the laboratory of a professor V. Bayer. They were also discussing scientific and research projects and decided to work on 5 scientific and research themes.

One of the significant visits was the visit to the Core Facility Hohenheim. It is common use center of University of Hohenheim, which is lead by doctor Wilhelm E. Kincses. He told about working in the laboratory, which was opened in 2016 by demands of Germany for educational institutions. Financing of the laboratory is hold by the government of the Federal Republic of Germany and Regional budget.

Later, in a solemn ceremony, parties signed Memorandum of understanding and cooperation between FSBEI HE “Yakut SAA”, represented by vice-dean on scientific work, assistant professor, candidate of veterinary science Nifontov Konstantin Revolievich, FSAEI HE “NEFU named after M.K. Ammosov”, represented by director of the Institute of science, dr. habil. of biological sciences Maksimov Trofim Khristoforovich, FSBI “Yakut SRIA named after M.G. Sofronov”, represented by director, dr.habil. of agricultural sciences Stepanov Ayaal Ivanovich, FSBIS “Institute of IBIC SB RAS”, represented by director, candidate of biological sciences Okhlopkov Innokentiy Mikhailovich, and University of Hohenheim, represented by vice-president on international relations, professor Andreas Puka.

In Berlin, the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Germany met with a head of the groups for science, techies, and education – a councilor Rusinov Aleksander Sergeevich and a secretary Maksim Kashubin. A councilor stated that the visit of delegation from Yakutia was well-timed, due to Russia and Germany signed “road map” on cooperation in the field of science and education. This document will be a defining moment for bilateral dialogue for science and education for the next ten years. The document has four main approaches: agreement on exploitation of major research infrastructure, for example the project on development of the biggest free-electron laser in the world (XFEL), and also the center on research for ions and antiprotons (FAIR); national projects and thematic networks; support of talented youth; dialogue between science, society, organizations, and business. In Milan ministers of foreign affairs S.V. Lavrov and H. Maas announced about the start of Russian-German “cross” year of scientific and educational partnerships that are hold under their joint patronage for 2018-2020. National project “Nauka” starts in the next year. In the context of this work, very important meaning will have applicable possibilities for international dialogue between Russian and German scientific communities that are granted by the signed road map. In 2019 it is planned to hold Russian-German Forum, where the road map will be presented. At the end of the meeting, councilor A. Rusinov asked to specify the theme of joint projects, the list of biologic materials and other.

The next step was discussion and presentation of the projects by scientific groups. Irene Huber identified general work plan for the near future: training and students’ exchange, who were engaged in the projects; development of joint methodical recommendations on scientific projects; joint publications in magazines “Web of Science”, “Scopus”; joint participation in international grants.

Projects from the list have the next emphasis: development of scientific basis for modernization of bee-keeping in Yakutia; climate change in the Arctic and analysis of threats to Yakutia; soil changes along alas [regional] boiler houses with climate change; study on honeysuckle; adaptation of agricultural animals in conditions of Yakutia; study on pea seeds with low temperatures; study on microbiots of wild animals and migrating birds; study and usage of bacteriophages in treatment of animal infections; testing of non-life vaccine against the Siberian plague of animals in cryolithic zone; study on epidemiology of the Siberian plague in burial places in permafrost; bronchial pneumonia of hybrid sheep; study on pincers in Yakutia; echinococcosis and other cestodes and influence on expansion in animal breeding, wild nature and people in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

In conclusion we express our gratitude to Irene Huber and Katerina Potapova for warm hospitality and interesting and fruitful work. We believe that our cooperation will be effective and will have meaningful continuation.